Health Benefit • 2 Minute Read

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WHAT IS DIABETES?

             Today, B-Garlic’s health club would like to talk about diabetes as many of you may not be aware of causes of diabetes, risk group, symptoms, complications, or subsequent disease. We would like to show you 3 topics.

Diabetes (Diabetes Mellitus: DM) is a condition in which the body has higher blood sugar than normal because of a lack of hormone insulin or insulin resistance, causing absorption of sugar to be abnormal or not working properly. As a result, there is a large amount of sugar accumulates in the body. Letting your body in this stage for a long time can lead to organ dysfunction, diseases, and complications.

If your blood sugar test results showing that sugar in your bloodstream does not exceed 100 milligrams per deciliter, it means that your blood sugar level is normal. Blood sugar levels can also indicate a risk of developing diabetes (Prediabetes). While people in the diabetes risk group can easily develop type 2 diabetes (The cause of diabetes is the lack of insulin production in the pancreas), heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease.

Diabetes Symptoms

            Diabetes in the early stage does not show any abnormal symptoms. Some people may detect diabetes when complications are found. The symptoms of each type of diabetes can be similar. The most common symptoms are extreme thirst, dry mouth, increased urination, excessive hunger, weight loss or increase, blurry vision, extreme fatigue, tingling in hands or feet, and slow healing of wounds. The symptoms of type 1 diabetes will develop rapidly. On the other hand, the symptoms of type 2 diabetes often develop slowly. Besides, gestational diabetes usually occurs between the 24th and 28th weeks of gestation.

Treatment of Diabetes

            Treatment of type 1 diabetes requires insulin hormone replacement in the body by injection, along with proper diet and exercise. Meanwhile, type 2 diabetes in the early stages, can be treated with proper diet, exercise, and weight control. If the conditions become worse, a doctor can give medicine or inject insulin hormone as a replacement like type 1 diabetes.

 

For people with gestational diabetes, you should get prenatal care in the early stages, along with proper diet and exercise accordingly to your doctor’s instruction.

Furthermore, in the case of diabetic foot ulcers, a doctor may recommend the patient wearing some protective equipment, such as shoes for diabetics, splint, or bandages. If the infection becomes severe, the doctor may make an appropriate treatment plan based on the severity of diabetes. However, if the treatment does not improve, the doctor may cut your infected wound to prevent the spread of the infection.

Complications

            Diabetes can cause patients to have higher blood sugar levels than normal. If there is no proper control in the diet and health care and let your blood sugar levels rise for a long time, it will affect the blood vessels that carry nutrients to the organs in the body, leading to various complications. It can be complications that occur with small blood vessels, such as diabetic retinopathy, kidney disease, etc., or complications that occur with large blood vessels, such as heart disease, stroke, peripheral artery disease, etc. This also includes diabetic neuropathy and some disease that may cause patients to lose some of their organs. Besides, pregnant women with diabetes can increase their risk of pre-eclampsia and miscarriage.

Diabetes Prevention

            The important factors that can prevent all types of diabetes are to control your blood sugar and cholesterol levels at normal, eat healthy and nutrient-rich foods, avoid alcohol and smoking, and exercise regularly. If you are a pregnant woman, you should have early prenatal care, see your doctor regularly, and get diabetes screening. If there is a risk, diabetes can be detected during pregnancy.

 

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